Lohagad, or the Iron Fort , from the times of Shivaji Maharaj, lies near Lonavla/Malavli , 52 kms from Pune, and rises to 3389 feet above sea level. Another Fort, Visapur Fort, lies nearby and is connected to it via a mountain range.
The range divides the basins of the Indrayani and Pavana rivers of the region. This fort has seen the occupation by several dynasties such as Satvahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas , Yadavas, and later on the Moghuls, the Marathas, and Peshwas (via Nana Fadanvis) . Shivaji Maharaj used the fort to store the loot from Surat, and Nana Fadanvis actually lived there for some time, setting up step wells and big tanks.
There are four gates to the fort, which are reasonably intact , and this fort is a popular destination of trekkers due to easy accesibility . This fort being closer to the main Mumbai Pune route, sits in a more prosperous land belt . We approached it via Malavli, a suburban station on the Lonavla Pune suburban system, from where we proceeded on foot.
Agriculture in full swing, anticipating the monsoon
A view of the approach to the Fort and Bhaja Caves
The Bhaja caves entrance
Development on the adjoining hill ranges. The benefits of proximity to Pune
An old inscription on stone possibly written in Modi language. (Nothing to do with the present PM of India, but much to do with Pali language etc)
The Pawna reservoir framed beautifully from the fort.
The Jamun Fruit, a summer product, second only to Mango, which was growing by the wayside and ours for plucking !
The Caliotropis plant, called Aak in Hindi. This is supposed to be poisonous. Found en route. So Beautiful, but dangerous.
And finally, and old local gentleman , who needs to know what all the fuss is about ....